The city of Nanjing is the capital and the political, economic, and cultural center of Jiangsu Province. It is one of the ancient capitals and an outstanding tourist city. Nanjing was made the capital of ten feudal dynasties in China. Its tourist areas include the Purple Hill Scenic Area, the Qinhuai Scenic Belt, the Shicheng (Rock City) Scenic Area, scenic spots in the city proper, the scenic belt along the Changjiang River, the Yuhua (Raining Flower) Terrace Scenic Area, and the Qixia Hill Scenic Area.

The Mausoleum of Sun Yat- sen
Located at the southern foot of Purple Hill, it houses the remains of Dr. Sun Yatsen, the great revolutionary forerunner of China. The mausoleum is composd of the tomb passage, the Tablet Pavillion, the Memorial Hall, and the Vault. There is a marble statue of Dr. Sun in the Memorial Hall and a sleeping marble statue of him in the Vault. Construction of the mausoleum began in 1926 and finished in 1 929. The coneshaped mausoleum stretches for 80,000 square meters. There are 392 stone steps leading up to the Memorial Hall.

Xiaoling of the Ming Dynasty
Built in 1 376 at the southern foot of Purple Hill, Xiaoling (the Mausoleum of Zhu Yuanzhang the founding emperor of the Ming Dynasty), is one of the largest imperial tombs extant in China. The existing structures include the Horse- Dismounting Archway, the Great Golden Gate, Square City, and stone statues of animals and figures.

Zhonghua Gate
First called Treasure Gate, Zhonghua Gate in the due south of Nanjing is also called Urn City because it resembles a pottery urn. Built in the Ming Dynasty, it is the largest ancient castle in the world and the symbol of Nanjing,tops the list of ancient city gates in China, and represents the timehonored civilization of the Chinese nation.

University of Nanjing:


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